Uso de cocos (Cocos nucifera: Arecaceae) como fuente de nutrientes por parte del tamandúa (Tamandua mexicana: Myrmecophagidae)


  • José Manuel Mora Carrera de Gestión Ecoturística (GEC), Sede Central, Universidad Técnica Nacional (UTN), Costa Rica. Department of Biology and Museum of Vertebrate Biology, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon 97207, USA.
  • Dionisio Paniagua Surcos Tours, Puerto Jiménez, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.


Palabras clave:

Costa Rica, frutos, hormigueros, palma de coco, Parque Nacional Corcovado


El tamandúa basa su dieta principalmente en insectos eusociales. Hemos observado a esta especie interactuando con cocos en el suelo del Parque Nacional Corcovado, Costa Rica. El tamandúa introduce su hocico en los cocos y aparentemente bebe su contenido. En algunas ocasiones, lo hemos observado sosteniendo el coco con sus garras para abrirlo por un costado y consumir su interior. Sin embargo, además de, quizás beber, no nos fue posible determinar con precisión qué más comió, si es que comió algo. El agua de coco es una fuente de elementos esenciales, incluidos hierro y selenio, de los cuales los tamandúas pueden beneficiarse.


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Video frames showing a Northern tamandua (Tamandua mexicana) opening a coconut by the side using its largest claws to manipulate the fruit. Sirena sector, Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica. Video by Dionisio Paniagua.



Cómo citar

Mora, J. M., & Paniagua, D. . (2023). Uso de cocos (Cocos nucifera: Arecaceae) como fuente de nutrientes por parte del tamandúa (Tamandua mexicana: Myrmecophagidae). Notas Sobre Mamíferos Sudamericanos, 5.